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Tsunami Watch Canceled After Huge Quake Off Indonesian Coast

Posted by Arakan Indobhasa Wednesday, April 11, 2012

VOA

Banda Aceh : Acehnese people run shortly after a powerfull earthquake hit western coast of Sumatra in Banda Aceh on April 11, 2012.
Photo: AFP
Banda Aceh : Acehnese people run shortly after a powerfull earthquake hit western coast of Sumatra in Banda Aceh on April 11, 2012.

Officials have canceled a tsunami watch in the Indian Ocean region, hours after an 8.6-magnitude earthquake struck off the northwestern coast of Indonesia.

The quake hit Wednesday about 430 kilometers southwest of Banda Aceh, the provincial capital and largest city in the province of Aceh, at an estimated depth of 22 kilometers. An 8.2-magnitude aftershock was reported by the U.S. Geological Survey about two hours after the initial earthquake.

Indonesia Quake Ranks Among World's Largest

Here is the list of the world's 10 biggest earthquakes according to the U.S. Geological Survey:

    1960: Chile - M 9.5
    1964: Prince William Sound, Alaska - M 9.2
    2004: Sumatra-Andaman Islands - M 9.1
    2011: Near the East Coast of Honshu, Japan - M 9.0
    1952: Kamchatka - M 9.0
    1868: Arica, Peru (now Chile) - M 9.0
    1700: Cascadia Subduction Zone - M 9.0
    2010: Offshore Bio-Bio, Chile - M 8.8
    1906: Off the Coast of Esmeraldas, Ecuador - M 8.8
    1965: Rat Islands, Alaska - M 8.7
    Wednesday's quake was at roughly the same depth as the 2004 Indian Ocean quake. It reportedly rattled buildings as far away as Singapore, Thailand, and India.

The U.S. Pacific Tsunami Warning Center originally issued a tsunami watch for several countries in the region after the quake. But it says local authorities can now assume the threat has passed, since sea level readings indicate the danger has diminished or is over for most areas.

An seismology expert said the earthquake's movement was horizontal rather than vertical, creating less risk of a large displacement of water needed to trigger a tsunami.

In 2004, a 9.1-magnitude quake in roughly the same area off Indonesia's Sumatra island triggered an Indian Ocean tsunami that killed an estimated 230,000 people, about half of them in Aceh province.

Wednesday's quake was at approximately the same depth as the 2004 Indian Ocean quake. It reportedly rattled buildings as far away as Singapore, Thailand, and India.

Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono said the situation is "under control" in Aceh and there is no immediate threat from a tsunami. No casualties have been reported so far from the quake, which sent citizens in Aceh scurrying out of buildings and into the crowded streets. Electricity was reportedly briefly cut in some areas of the province.Officials issued coastal evacuation orders throughout the region. Authorities scrambled to evacuate beaches and warned residents to get to higher ground.

Somchai, the general manager of the Centara Beach Resort on Karon Beach in Phuket, Thailand, told VOA that while government sirens came late, his resort was prepared.

"We directly called the guests to the room. For all of them. And we put the warning alarm so they can hear everywhere in the hotel. And now our guests, most of them, [have] come up to the meeting point," Somchai said.

Video footage from the scene

Torsak Wnichkhajorn, the former director of the Thai Meteorological Department, told VOA that the country's tsunami warning system has not detected a wave, but warned it is still possible that a tsunami could be generated.

People on motorcycles rush to higher ground after earthquake in Aceh, Indonesia, April 11, 2012(VOA Photo - Budi Nahaba)
People on motorcycles rush to higher ground after earthquake in Aceh, Indonesia, April 11, 2012(VOA Photo - Budi Nahaba)

If early projections do not change, the quake would be tied for the ninth largest since 1900. Earlier preliminary readings put the magnitude at 8.9.

The massive quake that devastated coastal northeastern Japan last year was a magnitude 9.0 and killed around 19,000 people.

Preacher Salman Iqbal leads post-earthquake prayer in Ulee Kareng, Banda Aceh, Indonesia, April 11, 2012
Preacher Salman Iqbal leads post-earthquake prayer in Ulee Kareng, Banda Aceh, Indonesia, April 11, 2012 (VOA Photo - Budi Nahaba)

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