KUALA LUMPUR, Sept 29 — Muslims enamoured with the Islamic State jihadist movement in Syria could be tempted to replicate the violent revolution in Malaysia, former prime minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad suggested today.
Press Release : Opening Ceremony of first Arakan National Party Conference Held
The first Conference of Arakan National Party (ANP) was held at Dhamma Hall at the Victory Compound, Lay Myet Hna Pagoda, Thandwe (Dwayawaddy), Rakhine State at 9:00am, September 25, 2014. ANP first leader U Aye Tha Aung, deputy leader Dr. Aye Maung, ANP temporary CEC Members, Central Committee Members, representatives from respective townships across the Arakan State, representatives from Ayeyarwaddy Region and Yangon Region, other invited guests and local leaders attended the Conference.
The Ceremony was opened by the representatives chanting Shin Nageinda’s historic poem in unison and by playing Arakan Royal (Mingalar) Drums. Afterwards, attendees saluted Myanmar National Flag, Arakan State Flag and Arakan National Party Flag and kept one minute silent in the honor of Arakanese heroes who sacrificed their lives in the struggles of freedom, and activists including monks, students and civilian heroes who lost their lives in the democratic struggles in Myanmar.
Then, experienced politician U Wai Sein Aung, the lead patron from Sittwe, gave a speech in which he highlighted the fact that the elderly and the youths need to work cooperatively, that the adults have political experiences but the youths are active and leaders of the future. He also emphasized that in Arakanese national and political arena, adults and youths are to establish a qualified, extensive and loyal political force via building capacity among party members.
After that, in his speech, U Aye Tha Aung, the first party leader, highlighted the fact that Rakhine State has been facing massive illegal immigration and severe poverty and thus needs the unity of all Rakhine people to face the challenges, and that unity has always been so crucial that Rakhine people have to try to achieve. He also added that the women who make up half of the Rakhine population play a very important role in Rakhine politics and it is essential that women take the leadership role in the political party and are elected into important positions.
U Aye Tha Aung added that the emergence of genuine federalism, nationwide ceasefire, lasting peace and right to self-determination are currently vitally important for the Union of Myanmar and that we have to remember that ethnic people suffered from different kinds of repressions and difficulties resulted during the military regime. He emphasized that without the amendment to the 2008 constitution, the self-determination needed and demanded by the ethnic nationalities. He explained that decentralization does not allow the genuine powers of the states because the central government can always centralize the powers delegated to the states. Therefore, only through genuine federalism, the division of powers between the state and central governments will genuine and lasting because the division of powers is bestowed in the constitution. Therefore, U Aye Tha Aung explained, only by amending the 2008 constitution will Rakhine and other states enjoy self-determination and constitutional division of powers and equality. He urged all the party representatives to march in unity for the cause of Rakhine national affairs.
In addition, Dr.Aye Maung, deputy leader of the Party delivered a speech. He emphasized that to achieve self-determination in Arakan State, it is voluminously important that we have tactics and strategies. He also urged that ANP parliamentarians should work together to implement the Arakan National Party’s objectives with other Arakanese individual representatives at the Parliament (Hluttaw), that representatives work together to formulate genuine Federal Political Framework and develop concrete party policies through analysis of the current political context and taking into consideration the future political context.
After that the opening ceremony ended with the documentary photo shooting of the party leaders and representatives.
The conference is the first and historic one as the Arakan League for Democracy (ALD) and Rakhine Nationalities Development Party (RNDP) merged into one party, Arakan National Party (ANP).
In the five-day conference, the representatives will discuss and approve matters including party policies, candidate selection policies and party structure.
Arakan League for Democracy won the third largest votes in the 1990 elections only after NLD and SNLD and Rakhine Nationalities Development Party won most of the seats in the Rakhine State constituencies. Due to the national and political situations, the two parties unified into one to fulfill the will of the Rakhine people. This integration is a very significant progress in the political history of Rakhine State and accordingly, Rakhine people have great expectations about Arakan National Party in 2015 elections.
News and Information Team
The bug, dubbed Shellshock, can be used to remotely take control of almost any system using Bash, researchers said.
Experts said it was more serious than the Heartbleed bug discovered in April.
"Whereas something like Heartbleed was all about sniffing what was going on, this was about giving you direct access to the system," Prof Alan Woodward, a security researcher from the University of Surrey, told the BBC.
"The door's wide open."
Some 500,000 machines worldwide were thought to have been vulnerable to Heartbleed. But early estimates, which experts said were conservative, suggest that Shellshock could hit at least 500 million machines.
The problem is particularly serious given that many web servers are run using the Apache system, software which includes the Bash component.
Patch immediately Bash - which stands for Bourne-Again SHell - is a command prompt on many Unix computers. Unix is an operating system on which many others are built, such as Linux and Mac OS.
The US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (US-Cert) issued a warning about the bug, urging system administrators to apply patches.
However, other security researchers warned that the patches were "incomplete" and would not fully secure systems.
Of particular concern to security experts is the simplicity of carrying out attacks that make use of the bug.
Cybersecurity specialists Rapid7 rated the Bash bug as 10 out of 10 for severity, but "low" on complexity - a relatively easy vulnerability for hackers to capitalise on.
"Using this vulnerability, attackers can potentially take over the operating system, access confidential information, make changes, et cetera," said Tod Beardsley, a Rapid7 engineer.
"Anybody with systems using Bash needs to deploy the patch immediately."
For general home users, Prof Woodward suggested simply keeping an eye on manufacturer websites for updates - particularly for hardware such as broadband routers.
According to the Pentagon, the refineries generated up to $2m (£1.2m) per day in revenue for the militants.
In northern Syria, Kurdish forces say they have pushed back an IS advance.
US President Barack Obama has vowed to dismantle the IS "network of death".
Islamic State (IS) oil production
- IS is believed to control six out of 10 of Syria's oil fields, including the Omar facility, and four small fields in Iraq, including Ajeel and Hamreen
- Production in Syria is estimated at 50,000 barrels per day and 30,000 in Iraq, generating revenue of between $1m (£600,000) and $5m per day
- Oil is sold to local merchants, or to middlemen who smuggle it into Iraqi Kurdistan or over borders with Turkey, Iran and Jordan, and then sell to traders in a grey market. Oil is also sold to the Syrian government
- Seizures of smuggled fuel in Turkey rose from 35,260 tons in 2011 to more than 50,000 tons in the first six months of 2014, before the Turkish authorities began to crack down on illegal trade
IS has seized large areas of Syria and Iraq in recent months and controls several oilfields. Sales of smuggled crude oil have helped finance its offensive in both countries.
The US has launched nearly 200 air strikes against the militants in Iraq since August and expanded the operation against IS to Syria on Monday.
In other developments
- Syria's army said it had retaken the key strategic town of Adra, north-east of Damascus, which had been held by militants from the Nusra Front among others
- France launched air strikes on IS targets in northern Iraq - its first there in nearly a week
- IS publicly killed a human rights lawyer, Samira Salih al-Nuaimi, in the Iraqi city of Mosul after convicting her of apostasy, the UN announced
Pentagon spokesman Rear Adm John Kirby said the purpose of the strikes was "not necessarily to kill militants" but to destroy the facilities, which were funding IS through the black market.
The UK-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, an activist group that monitors the Syrian conflict, said the strikes killed 14 IS fighters in Deir al-Zour and five civilians in Hassakeh.
Kurdish forces said they had pushed back IS fighters near the Syrian town of Kobane, close to the border with Turkey.
There are reports of heavy gunfire outside the town, and Kurdish commanders have again called for coalition air strikes on IS positions in the area.
The BBC's Mark Lowen, who is on the Syria-Turkey border, says some of those Kurds are now trying to return to Kobane to fight with the Kurdish militia.
Turkey has been overwhelmed by an estimated 1.5 million Syrian and Iraqi refugees since the conflict in Syria between opposition forces and Syrian President Bashar al-Assad began three years ago.
Rebel forces have faced several setbacks in recent months amid offensives against them by both IS fighters and Syrian government forces.
On Wednesday, the UN Security Council adopted a binding resolution compelling states to prevent their nationals joining jihadists in Iraq and Syria.
President Obama chaired the session and said nations must prevent the recruitment and financing of foreign fighters.
The US says more than 40 countries have offered to join the anti-IS coalition.
The UK Parliament has been recalled to discuss plans for air strikes against IS on Friday.
The Dutch government has also said it is deploying six F-16 fighter to join the US-led air campaign.
Who are Islamic State (IS)?
- Formed out of al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI) in 2013, IS first captured Raqqa in eastern Syria
- It captured broad swathes of Iraq in June, including Mosul, and declared a "caliphate" in areas it controls in Syria and Iraq
- Pursuing an extreme form of Sunni Islam, IS has persecuted non-Muslims such as Yazidis and Christians, as well as Shia Muslims, whom it regards as heretics
- Known for its brutal tactics, including beheadings of soldiers, Western journalists and aid workers
- The CIA says the group could have as many as 31,000 fighters in Iraq and Syria
- The US has been launching air strikes on IS targets in north-eastern Iraq since mid-August
WASHINGTON (AP) - Envisioned in the 90s as crucial to U.S. military superiority in the next century - the sleek, radar-evading F-22 Raptor has finally seen its first combat.
Never used in Afghanistan or Iraq, the Air Force's newest fighter jet made its combat debut this week, taking part in the second wave of airstrikes over Syria, according to the Pentagon.
Here are five things to know about the F-22:
1. Its first combat mission involved dropping bombs on an Islamic State group command-and-control building in Raqqah. During a Pentagon briefing Tuesday, Lt. Gen. William Mayville showed before and after slides of the airstrike targets. The after-shot for the F-22 showed a successful mission, with the command-and- destroyed.
2. It was developed by Lockheed Martin, with major subcontractors such as Boeing, as a 21st century fighter jet to replace various models of the aging F-15. With its stealth design, the -seat F-22 was built to evade radar and has twin engines that allow it to fly at faster-than-sound speeds without gas-guzzling afterburners. Production of the first F-22 Raptor started in 1999 and was delivered to Air Force in 2002. The last one was delivered in 2012.
3. The F-22 comes with a hefty price tag. Each costs an average of $190 million. than 190 F-22 fighter jets were manufactured for the U.S. military, including eight test aircraft.
4. The Raptor program was beset by design and costs overruns. When the F-22 was unveiled in 1997, critics were complaining about the costly program. At the time, the Air Force sought an order of 438 F-22 fighter jets, at a cost of about $45 billion. That order was scaled back sharply. In 2010, Defense Secretary Robert Gates told Congress he was willing to cut the F-22 fighter jet program as too expensive. Production was later capped.
5. Safety concerns were the issue in 2011 when the nation's F-22s were grounded for four months after pilots complained about getting dizzy and a lack of oxygen in the cockpit. Internal documents obtained by The Associated Press show U.S. military experts had raised concerns about the flow of oxygen into the pilot's masks years earlier. The Air Force blamed a faulty valve in the pilots' vests, said there was a and gradually returned to the aircraft to flight.
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