The land that is known as Arakan by the foreigners is called Rakhaing-pray by its own people, Rakhaing-thar (Arakanese) who were titled this name in honour of preservation on their national heritage and ethics or morality.

SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAMS - Young Southeast Asian Leaders Initiative (YSEALI)

Posted by Arakan Indobhasa Tuesday, September 29, 2015 0 comments

Young Southeast Asian Leaders Initiative (YSEALI)

You Can Be A Leader. Join YSEALI!
In 2013, President Obama launched the Young Southeast Asian Leaders Initiative (YSEALI) to enhance the United States’ relations with future leaders of Southeast Asia and foster an ASEAN community. YSEALI offers educational exchanges to the United States, professional development workshops in the region, online networking, and project seed money. YSEALI activities focus on four themes: economic development, environmental protection, education and civic engagement.
Members must:
  • Be between 18 – 35 years of age
  • Be a citizen and resident of an ASEAN country
  • Be interested in working on one of the themes of economic development, environmental protection, education, and civic engagement.
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Burmese Army Soldiers on the frontline (Photo: Kachin Soldiers)
Photo: Burmese Army Soldiers on the frontline

In a provocative attack, Burmese Army troops reportedly fired several artillery rounds on KIA positions from a monastery compound in Mansi, southern Kachin State, on Sunday. A local source said Burmese Army troops stationed at Man Hpa and Kadaw Kawng also fired several artillery rounds on KIA positions in support of their combat ground troops currently fighting with KIA’s 1st Battalion troops.

Local residents said they are worried as Burmese Army troops brought more artilleries in residential area. One Mansi resident said 5 artillery guns have been brought inside Government’s administrative compound and positioned to fire from there. Public schools in Mansi and Ywa Thit Kone were closed because of fierce fighting in the area, said the resident.

KIA frontline sources said Burmese Army troops attacked KIA 1st Battalion’s Lungja Post on Sept 26 at 9 am and Ning Tawn Kawng Post on Sept 27 at 5 pm. The two sides have engaged in a series of battles at Pa Daw, Chya Hkang Ning Tawng Kawng in Mansi Township.

A combined force of KIA’s 12th and 27th Battalion troops fought Burmese Army’s 601st Light Infantry Regiment troops at Laika village in Mansi Township on Sept 28 at 7:25 am.

In northern Shan State, KIA’s 9th Battalion troops battled Burmese Army troops from 88th and 99th Light Infantry Divisions at Mang Hang and Nam Lim Bum on Sept 24.

TNLA source said a battle took place between TNLA’s 434th Battalion troops and Burmese Army troops under 77th LID at Pang Jarop village in Namsan Township on Sept 25 at 8:40 am. Three government soldiers died in this battle, reported TNLA’s Information Department.

Another battle took place between TNLA’s 527th Battalion troops and Burmese Army troops under 77th LID at Pyaung Pyan Kyay village in Momeik Township on Sept 25 at 9:30 am.

Rakhine Students' Education Fund

Posted by Arakan Indobhasa 0 comments

An Appeal to Rakhines

Once a prosperous Rakhine community in Bangladesh is now struggling for survival. Poverty, illiteracy, unemployment, broken-economic-backbone etc. are the main impediments to the progress and prosperity of Rakhine society. Of these, illiteracy plays a crucial role in drowning in our community.

Rakhines in Bangladesh are scattered in three districts viz. Cox’s Bazar, Patuakhali and Barguna, out of 64 districts in Bangladesh. Rakhines in three districts of Chittagong Hill Tracts identify themselves as Marma.

Rakhine population in Bangladesh is estimated around one hundred thousand. Of them, about 10 percent are literates and more than 80 percent are living from hand to mouth.

Our people are living in rural and off-shore villages. They engage insmall businesses with limited income. Those living along riverside are involved in fishing for livelihood and are affected by natural calamities every year, which sometimes snatched away their lives and belongings.

To come out from this prevailing situation, utmost priority must be given to education - education for all Rakhines. Education will make our people fittest to fight for our sustainability in Bangladesh. But poverty-stricken families cannot afford educational expenses and school charges for their children.

Primary education is free in Bangladesh. The government is supplyingtextbooks free to students from class VI to X, but annual, tuition andexamination fees need to be paid by the students. Impoverished students failing to pay monthly tuition fees regularly tend to dropout in midyear.

With a view to slashing the dropout and retaining them in schools, the Rakhine students’ Education Fund (RSEFund) has been extending financial support to poor students since its inception in 2006. TheRSEFund is supported by a few contributors who deposited 50,000 takaeach for a three-year. A contributor can withdraw his/her money after three years or contributes for another three years and so on. We buy certificates for three years. The interest we get from the certificates for a year is distributed among poor students.

We have limited contributors. The more we have contributors, the more interest-money will come. And we can help more students. We welcome every one to join us and any contribution to the Fund. We would urge all to help our students in their pursuing of education.


The RSEFund has a plan to establish a hostel at Dhaka with a view toimparting qualified education to probable students. Limited number of poor but meritorious students from rural areas will be brought to thehostel and get them admitted in good schools. These students will be properly guided and be provided with all facilities available in the hostel.


We are thinking of building a monastery in Dhaka. A piece of land is to bebought in Dhaka with the availability of fund. A land of 15 decimal will bean ideal premise for the monastery and the hostel. Rakhine community in Bangladesh and around the world will extend active support to this noble initiative.

A 5-storey building will be designed for the monastery and constructed step by step. The hostel will be housed in the building. It will have anauditorium, a Dhamma Room and a library.

It is worth mentioning that there are five monasteries in Dhaka. Three monasteries belong to Barua community while one each to Marma and Chakma. These monasteries perform religious functions and work for welfare of their communities as well.

The monastery will serve as a centre for religious and socio- cultural activities of Rakhine community. It will facilitate to teach Rakhine language and literature to the students. The fact is that many of us cannot read and write our alphabets - Rakhine.

The monastery will provide temporary shelter to students coming toDhaka for admission in universities and colleges, job seekers andpatients looking for better treatment at Dhaka.

Education must be given preference for development of our community and elimination of poverty from our society. Well-off Rakhines should extend supporting hands to all efforts aimed at building a society of excellent Rakhines.

More>>> Rakhine Students' Education Fund

by Sumon Corraya
Caesar Tavella was a veterinarian. He was in the Asian country to work with a Dutch NGO that deals with poverty and hunger in the world. Attacked by three men leaving work. Dynamics of murder unclear. Police suspect other culprits. The country is not safe for Christians.

Dhaka (AsiaNews) - Islamic State (IS) militants have claimed responsibility for last night's murder of Caesar Tavella, a 50 year-old Italian volunteer working in Bangladesh with a Dutch NGO. The man was killed by three armed men after work, while jogging in Gulshan, the diplomatic area of ​​the capital, near the Egyptian embassy.
The assailants fired three shots, one of which wounded him in the hand and the other two to the abdomen. Although IS extremists have claimed the crime because the man was a "crusader", the police suspect that the responsibility could be attributed to other groups.

The website Site Intelligence Group, which monitors the online activities of extremist organization, has published the jihadists statement announcing the man was killed as a vindication of Western presence in Asia. Cesare Tavella was a native of Ravenna.  The Italian veterinarian worked in the Asian country as the project manager for Profitable Opportunities for Food Security (Proofs), an initiative of the Dutch ICCO Cooperation, working worldwide to reduce poverty and ensure access to food.

The dynamics of the shooting is still unclear and the police believe that this is a planned attack. Some witnesses reported hearing three gunshots. Billal, a rickshaw driver, said he "heard the shots and then he saw a man on the ground. Immediately after he was transported to the United Hospital in Dhaka. " Mokhlesur Rahman, inspector general of police, told reporters that there is no evidence of a possible robbery, since personal items had not been stolen.

Following the murder, the governments of the United States, Britain, Canada and Australia have raised the alert level for their diplomatic missions in Bangladesh and the countries of South Asia. The American International School in the capital will remain closed today for fear of possible attacks. There are fears of further initiatives by the jihadists and some believe that the country is not safe for foreigners, especially for Christians from Europe and the United States. In 2012 another foreigner, employed in the Saudi embassy, was shot dead in front of his home.,-Islamic-State-militants-claim-murder-of-Italian-volunteer-35437.html

Mark Zuckerberg calls for universal internet access to combat poverty

Posted by Arakan Indobhasa Sunday, September 27, 2015 0 comments

Facebook founder launches connectivity campaign to bring the internet to the some 4 billion people who now do not have access

Chinese President Xi Jinping, left, talks with Facebook Chief Executive Mark Zuckerberg, right, during a gathering of CEOs and other executives at Microsoft's main campus in Redmond, Wash
Chinese President Xi Jinping, left, talks with Facebook Chief Executive Mark Zuckerberg, right, during a gathering of CEOs and other executives at Microsoft's main campus in Redmond, Washington Photo: AP/Ted S. Warren, Pool
Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg and a host of celebrities kicked off a campaign on Saturday to make internet access universal, saying this was critical to fulfilling the United Nations' newly adopted agenda to combat global ills.
Calling for efforts to ensure internet access for everyone globally by 2020, Mr Zuckerberg said internet connections are a dynamic tool for sharing knowledge, creating opportunities, lifting communities out of poverty and promoting peace.
"A 'like' or a post won't stop a tank or a bullet, but when people are connected, we have a chance to build a common global community with a shared understanding," Mr Zuckerberg told at a private lunch with business leaders at the United Nations.
"That's a powerful force."
The 193 UN member nations on Friday formally adopted a sweeping set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals, or SDGs, that aim to end poverty and combat inequality and climate change over the next 15 years and call for shared peace and prosperity.
The objectives, described as "a to-do list for people and planet" by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, are intended as a roadmap to be implemented by government and the private sector.
The connectivity campaign calls on governments, businesses and innovators to bring the internet to the some 4 billion people who now do not have access, organisers said.
Signing on to the connectivity campaign were U2 star Bono, co-founder of One, a group that fights extreme poverty; actress Charlize Theron, founder of Africa Outreach Project; philanthropists Bill and Melinda Gates; British entrepreneur Richard Branson; Huffington Post editor Arianna Huffington; Colombian singer Shakira, actor and activist George Takei and Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales.

Pentagon-trained rebels are reported to have betrayed US and handed weapons over to Jabhat al-Nusra immediately after entering Syria 

Members of al Qaeda's Nusra Front carry their weapons as they walk near al-Zahra village, north of Aleppo city, November 25, 2014.
Jabhat al-Nusra, affiliated to al-Qaeda, took the technicals, guns and ammunition from the US-trained Division 30 in northern Aleppo Photo: Reuters


Pentagon-trained rebels in Syria are reported to have betrayed their American backers and handed their weapons over to al-Qaeda in Syria immediately after re-entering the country.
Fighters with Division 30, the “moderate” rebel division favoured by the United States, surrendered to the al-Qaeda-affiliated Jabhat al-Nusra, a raft of sources claimed on Monday night.
Division 30 was the first faction whose fighters graduated from a US-led training programme in Turkey which aims to forge a force on the ground in Syria to fight against Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (Isil).
A statement on Twitter by a man calling himself Abu Fahd al-Tunisi, a member of al-Qaeda’s local affiliate Jabhat al-Nusra, read: "A strong slap for America... the new group from Division 30 that entered yesterday hands over all of its weapons to Jabhat al-Nusra after being granted safe passage.
"They handed over a very large amount of ammunition and medium weaponry and a number of pick-ups."

Abu Khattab al-Maqdisi, who also purports to be a Jabhat al-Nusra member, added that Division 30's commander, Anas Ibrahim Obaid,had explained to Jabhat al-Nusra's leaders that he had tricked the coalition because he needed weapons.
"He promised to issue a statement... repudiating Division 30, the coalition, and those who trained him," he tweeted. "And he also gave a large amount of weapons to Jabhat al-Nusra."
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR), a monitoring group, reported that seventy-five Division 30 fighters had crossed into Syria from Turkey early the day before with “12 four-wheel vehicles equipped with machine guns and ammunition”.
US Central Command confirmed about 70 graduates of the Syria “train and equip” programme had re-entered Syria with their weapons and equipment and were operating as New Syrian Forces alongside Syrian Kurds, Sunni Arab and other anti-Isil forces.
The latest disaster, if true, will be the second to befall the programme. Last month, after the first group of fighters re-entered, the militia was attacked and routed by Jabhat al-Nusra, which stormed its headquarters and kidnapped a number of its members.
At the weekend, the group’s chief of staff also resigned, saying the training programme was “not serious”.
In the statement, Lieutenant Colonel Mohammad al-Dhaher complained of insufficient numbers of trainees and fighters, inadequate supplies, and even “a lack of accuracy and method in the selection of Division 30’s cadres”.
The latest developments have only added to the scorn heaped on the much-criticized $500 million (£320m) program, which aimed to forge a 5,400-strong force of “moderate” rebels to combat Isil.
It has been hampered by problems almost from the outset, with rebels complaining of a laborious vetting process. The biggest point of contention is that they are only allowed to fight Isil, not the Assad regime, which is the principal enemy for most opposition groups.
Sept. 16, 2015, photo, U.S. Central Command Commander Gen. Lloyd Austin III, testifies on Capitol Hill in Washington.General Lloyd Austin told the Senate Armed Services Committee that only "four or five" US-trained rebels were still fighting the Islamic State  Photo: AP
Last Wednesday, General Lloyd Austin, head of US Central Command, shocked leaders in the US Senate's armed services committee when he said there were only handful of programme graduates still fighting inside Syria. "We're talking four or five," he said.

(Laris Karklis / The Washington Post)

Depending on whom you ask, the Republic of Liberland either exists or it doesn't. Czech politician Vit Jedlicka declared it a sovereign state on April 13, claiming approximately three square miles of land along the Danube River. The land, sandwiched between Croatia and Serbia, has been disputed for years. No member of the United Nations recognizes Liberland as a sovereign state. After initial bemusement, Croatian authorities have blocked access to the land and detained Jedlicka on multiple occasions.

Despite the country's ambiguous status, Jedlicka says that around 378,000 people have registered to show their interest in citizenship of Liberland so far. And while the reality of Liberland may be still just a dream, for people in desperate situations it appears to be an appealing dream -- 9,647 people from war-torn Syria have registered so far, Jedlicka tells WorldViews.

That's higher than the number of registrations from comfortable countries such as United States (9,357) or Canada (1,935), Jedlicka notes. A further 1,922 people have also registered from Libya, Jedlicka adds, suggesting that the proclaimed country is especially attractive to those from troubled nations.

When it was announced earlier this year, Liberland was pitched to the world as a libertarian paradise, with optional taxes and severely limited government power. Jedlicka, who is 31, is a Euroskeptic libertarian, and he hoped to create a country for like-minded people. "We accept people who are religiously tolerant, don't have Communist or neo-Nazi background, share our national belief in freedom and also want to create a state with minimal taxes and regulations," he explains.

(Laris Karlis / The Washington Post)
 (Laris Karlis / The Washington Post) (Laris Karlis / The Washington Post)

Of course, when Liberland was first announced, Europe's refugee crisis was far from the levels it's at now. Just a few months later, however, countries such as Serbia and Croatia are very much at the forefront of a continent-wide debate on how to deal with a historical surge in the number of refugees and migrants reaching Europe. If Liberland wants to be a real country, this is a debate it needs to be a part of.

There is no plan to enable people to claim asylum or refugee status in the country, he says. "Conditions for getting citizenship are the same for all applicants, and we do not plan to change it." These conditions are fairly tough. Jedlicka notes that in addition to the background requirements, applicants need to collect "10,000 Liberlandian merits" to become a citizen. "Merits can be either obtained by providing services to government like working at our future embassies or simply by donating money to Liberland in exchange rate one to one with American dollar," he notes.

On the forum on Liberland's Web site, some hopeful Liberland citizens discussed whether the country should open its borders to Syrians and others fleeing persecution. "The answer is no, because Liberland is for Libertarians. Not some random ass migrants," one user wrote. "Don't mistake libertarian with anarchy," wrote another. "Anarchy currently is in Syria."

Some disagreed. "As long as the people coming are intending to work for their own future, I don't see any reason why should they be banned from entering," one user countered, while another suggested building a mosque in the center of Liberland to help "those in need."

Whether all those Syrians registering on the site actually hope to become citizens of Liberland is unclear. Jedlicka said that only 618 have been found to be eligible so far, and it was unclear if they had the funds to earn citizenship. He estimates that, for most countries, around one in five people who register is actually serious about helping Liberland get started and "probably one out of 20 plan to live there."

That's probably a good thing right now, given that Croatian authorities aren't actually allowing anyone into Liberland. For the time being, Jedlicka says that people are currently settling in the area around the disputed country. "We are planning to open up educational center close to Liberland as well as putting our boats to Liberlandian waters for permanent settlement," Jedlicka says. Things do seem to be moving along, with "10 relevant offers for recognition from less developed parts of the world" and an architecture competition supervised by Zaha Hadid company director Patrick Schumacher. But for now, those 9,647 Syrians are going to have to find somewhere else to go.

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Australia, US warn of potential terror threat in Kuala Lumpur

Posted by Arakan Indobhasa Thursday, September 24, 2015 0 comments

KUALA LUMPUR: The Australian government has issued an advisory to its citizens to avoid popular hawker street Jalan Alor due to "a possible terrorism threat" there.

"Due to a possible terrorism threat, Australians are advised to avoid Kuala Lumpur's Jalan Alor (Alor Street) and the immediate surrounding areas on Thursday 24 September. This is based on a US Government threat warning issued on 24 September," the Australian government said on its Smart Traveller website.

Police sources have told Channel NewsAsia they are investigating the matter and have increased patrols in Jalan Alor and surrounding areas.

The United States had on Thursday issued a security message to avoid the area, prompting Australia to do likewise.

The US Embassy in Kuala Lumpur said: "Based on credible threat information regarding a potential terrorist act, the US Embassy in Kuala Lumpur advises US citizens to avoid Kuala Lumpur’s Jalan Alor (Alor Street) and the immediate surrounding areas, on Thursday, September 24, 2015.

"For all other locations, the US Embassy in Kuala Lumpur reminds US citizens of the need for caution and awareness of personal security.  In the past, terrorist organizations have on occasion planned their attacks to coincide with significant dates on the calendar."

- CNA/dl/al

Russian Army starts destroying Islamic State in Syria. Russian troops in Syria

The army of Bashar al-Assad has reportedly started crushing Islamic State militants that had previously seized the cities of Palmyra and Homs. Western experts and journalists believe that the Syrian troops receive substantial military assistance from Russian military men at the base in Latakia.

In addition, Russia has deployed modern weapons, including air defense, missile systems and aviation, having turned the area of ​​the Russian base into a strong fortress. To crown it all, Russia still ships weapons to the government of Bashar Assad under previously concluded contracts.

Russia's TV channel "Zvezda" ("Star") reports that the Syrian army forced ISIS militants to retreat from Palmyra, although they hide in residential areas and use ancient monuments as a cover.

"The militants, who had been keeping the city under control and destroying priceless ancient monuments for months, are being killed in the air raids of the Syrian Air Force. During the most recent attack, 40 terrorists were destroyed in the province of Homs," Zvezda reporters say. It was also said that many militants of the Islamic State lay down their arms and surrender.

"On September 20, in the village of Kanaker (province of Damascus) more than 500 fighters of the Islamic State and so-called moderate opposition laid down their arms," Syrian agency SANA reports, adding that there is a video of ISIS militants yelling to government troops. The militants were said to be mercenaries from Iran, Turkey and Sudan. They received weapons from Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Lebanon. There are also many US-made weapons and heavy equipment,  reporters say.
The US does nothing to destroy ISIS in Syria. Why?

Representatives of the central command of US armed forces said that there were 70 fighters sent to Syria to fight against Assad and the Islamic State together with selected opposition groups. Previously, it was reported that the United States was providing military assistance to the Syrian opposition and ISIS militants to overthrow the Assad regime, similarly to how the US was supporting al-Qaeda during Soviet times to suppress Soviet troops in Afghanistan.

Many experts and journalists say that ISIS is a "product of the USA." Many recall the notorious reply that President Obama gave to the question of "Who are we bombing in the Middle East?" "That's not quite right, but that's OK," Obama said. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov also wonders why the USA does not destroy ISIS, even though the US knows everything about the whereabouts of ISIS bases.

"The Russian military have deployed a layered defense system and continue fulfilling contracts for the delivery  of modern weapons to Syria. That's all I can say officially. I have no right to either deny and confirm whether the Russian aviation is involved in the military actions," a high-ranking source in the General Staff of the Russian Federation told He added that Russian troops have already repulsed terrorists' attacks before, quite successfully.

Russia has already deployed multi-purpose Su-30CM fighter aircraft, Pantsir-S1 mobile missile complexes, Mi-24 attack helicopters, multi-purpose Mi-17 helicopters, as well as Sukhoi Su-24M bombers to Syria.
Also read: Third World War to be launched in Latakia?

Over the past few weeks, a large number of military advisers have arrived in Syria. Syria has received six MiG-31 jets - these are the best interceptor aircraft in the world. For the first time, the Russian army has provided satellite intelligence data to Syria. Previously, Jihadists managed to avoid attacks from government forces because NATO was providing them with satellite information on time. Now, it appears that NATO no longer shares the intelligence data with the Islamic State, although the alliance still continues providing this information to Frente al Nosra, Russian publications said.

Russia and Iran have achieved agreements on joint activities in Syria. Should Iran officially start a  military operation in Syria for the destruction of the Islamic State, many predict complete destruction of the terrorists and mass destruction of Syrian opposition fighters.

Israel has already held high-level talks with Russia to exclude possible collisions between Russian and Israeli troops. To crown it all, US officials declared readiness for immediate negotiations with Russia on Syria, although they previously excluded such a possibility.

Ancient inscription found in Kyauk Taw

Posted by Arakan Indobhasa Wednesday, September 23, 2015 0 comments

Kaung Mrat Naing (Maungdaw)

Yangon, 20 September:


Recently found some objects with ancient inscription while digging a jetty at Kyauk Taw town of Rakhine should be useful in carrying out further studies of Arakanese literature & culture, said Thu Mrat (Maha Aung Myae), an Arakanese  history researcher.

The inscription, found on 13 August 2015, is in the square shape. The height of those items is four feet, where only one side of those inscriptions is seen inscribed. Some faces of those items also got damaged and become invisible.

According to Maha Aung Myae the inscription should be belonged to Mrauk Oo age. The contents of the inscription include Buddha images, slaves, buffaloes and other animals. Such ancient inscriptions are often found in different parts of Arakan.

Maha Aung Myae believes that these items would be helpful in propagating the Arakanese literature and culture. He of course expressed displeasure that some of those items had been traded in black market as there is no systematic preservation of ancient ruins in Arakan.

Speaking to Narinjara News, the Arakanese author argued that these inscriptions prove that Arakanese people had enjoyed a long time and uninterrupted affinity towards the Theravada Buddhism. Finally, Maha Aung Myae emphasized on scientific preservation of all ancient ruins of Arakan for the benefit of the future generation.

Police chief Somyot Pumpanmuang, at left, on Koh Tao on 3 Oct., 2014, along with the two men, seated at right, accused of murdering two British travelers.
KOH SAMUI — Lawyers defending two Myanmar migrant workers on trial for the Koh Tao murders of two British backpackers sought on Wednesday to expose holes in a police investigation they maintain was botched and intended to frame the suspects.
The conduct of Thailand's police and treatment of its huge Myanmar labor force has been central to the trial of the young men accused of killing Hannah Witheridge and David Miller a year ago on the southern island.

Post-mortem examinations showed the victims suffered severe head wounds and Witheridge was raped, but lawyers and activists said the two Myanmar accused, Zaw Lin and Win Zaw Htun, have been made scapegoats for the killings.

The case has attracted extensive media attention in Britain and raised questions about Thailand's ability to protect its tourists. The bodies of Miller, 24, and Witheridge, 23, were found on a beach on the small island popular with backpackers and divers.

The hearings are taking place on nearby Koh Samui, where the defense would present a statement from a British expert who has analysed surveillance camera footage being used as evidence.

The expert was contacted by Briton Andy Hall, a Thailand-based activist who specialises in protecting the rights of Myanmar laborers and exposing abuses.

"We saw a lot of instances of police abuse and torture that were happening, and a concern for us is that the police were just focusing on ways to nail the two defendants," Hall said outside the court.

"We believe, from my investigation, that they blocked out so much of other evidence that could have been used ... simply to focus on the two accused," he said, referring to the police.

Police have stood by their investigation and Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha has said "nobody would dare" go after the wrong suspects because the case was so high-profile.

The defence has used Thailand's foremost forensics expert to scrutinise DNA samples that police said tied the two men to the murders. The court has heard that DNA found on the murder weapon did not match that of the defendants.

The court ordered a reexamination of the samples after police said they had lost the DNA, then contradicted themselves.

They said in October the two Myanmar men, both 22, had confessed. But the suspects retracted those confessions, saying they were given under duress.

Defense lawyer Nakhon Chompuchat on Wednesday said his duty was to convince the judge to question whether the evidence had sufficient credibility to convict the men.
The case continues.

Story: Reuters / Prapan Chankaew; additional reporting Juarawee Kittisilpa in Bangkok

Yangon, 22 September:
The prime road of Arakan connecting Maungdaw with Buthidaung is in a deplorable condition ever since the road in western border area faced the Koman storm and catastrophic flood.
According to the locals, the damage caused between seven mile and eight mile for over 1500 feet is most visible.
“Heavy vehicles like big trucks cannot move over the road now. The small cars have to run slowly and in many places the passengers have to get down from their vehicles and walk,” said a local.
The 16-mile Maungdaw to Buthidaung road is also important for communicating Bangladesh. A railway line was also built by the British during the colonial rule, but it has not been used since Myanmar’s independence.
The road is occasionally repaired by the government agencies, but they claim that due to shortfall of budgets the works are half-done always.
Many officers allege that they have to spend money from their pockets for the repairmen and then they to get it reimbursed.

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Ancient Arakan Gold and Sliver Coins

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