Arakan

The land that is known as Arakan by the foreigners is called Rakhaing-pray by its own people, Rakhaing-thar (Arakanese) who were titled this name in honour of preservation on their national heritage and ethics or morality.

40 arrested after religious clashes in India's Gujarat

Posted by Arakan Indobhasa Tuesday, September 30, 2014 0 comments


Two groups pelted each other with stones and set vehicles alight on Saturday

Police in Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's home state of Gujarat have arrested 40 people after clashes between Hindus and Muslims and suspended mobile Internet and text messaging services, an official said Sunday.
The two groups pelted each other with stones and set vehicles alight on Saturday in the city of Vadodara following several days of tensions, police said.
Paramilitary forces have been deployed in response in Vadodara, which is 110 kilometres (68 miles) from the state's main city of Ahmedabad, police said.
"Police have arrested over 40 people in connection with the communal riots in Vadodara," said senior state government official S.K Nanda.
"The number is likely to increase as combing operations are still on," Nanda, additional chief secretary for the home ministry, told AFP.
The ban on phone services would remain in place until September 30 in a bid to stop the clashes spreading and to defuse tensions, officials said.
Tensions have been mounting since Thursday after distorted photos of Makkah were circulated on social media that Muslims found offensive, the Indian Express newspaper reported on Sunday.
Modi, who is currently in the United States and is set to meet with US President Barack Obama, won the seat of Vadodara at the national elections in May.
Modi, whose Hindu nationalist party swept to power with a landslide victory, later vacated Vadodara after winning both of the seats that he was allowed to contest.
Religious riots in Gujarat in 2002 left at least 1,000 people dead.
As chief minister of Gujarat at the time, Modi was heavily criticised for failing to stop the bloodshed. But he has always denied wrongdoing and was cleared by a Supreme Court-ordered investigation.
The US had shunned Modi for years over the riots, a move that was dropped when it became clear he would win power nationally.

http://www.emirates247.com/news/40-arrested-after-religious-clashes-in-india-s-gujarat-2014-09-29-1.564512


KUALA LUMPUR, Sept 29 — Muslims enamoured with the Islamic State jihadist movement in Syria could be tempted to replicate the violent revolution in Malaysia, former prime minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad suggested today.


Warning Putrajaya that it no longer has the Internal Security Act (ISA) to deal with such a contingency, Dr Mahathir said it was not impossible that rebels from neighbouring countries might attempt invade Malaysia to form an “Islamic state” here.
“A call for form an ‘Islamic state’ is very tempting to Muslim youths anywhere because they are disappointed that there is no government or country that is willing to save Islam, Muslims, and the Islamic countries,” he wrote on his personal blog, Chedet.cc, today
He pointed out that the conflict in Syria and Iraq was founded on the ideological differences between the Shiah and Sunni denominations, a religious clash that is also present in Malaysia that only recognises the former school of Islamic jurisprudence.
Dr Mahathir added that there are claims of some Muslims here who feel Malaysia is not adequately Islamic and that some of these were among those who have travelled to the Middle East to partake in the Islamic State’s so-called “jihad”.
“If it crosses their mind to make Malaysia a part of the ‘Islamic State’, would they not join in attacks launched from the outside by those calling for jihad to form an Islamic state in Malaysia?”
Seeds of such discontent already exist, Dr Mahathir asserted, pointing to growing secessionist movements in Sabah that was also the site of an armed Sulu incursion last year.
He also reminded readers of the Al-Maunah militant group that raided an army camp for weapons in July 2000 before they were cornered in a deadly standoff with the armed forces and police.
Earlier today, the Bloomberg news service reported that as many as 40 Malaysians are currently fighting for the Islamic State in Syria, with some saying that the jihad was mandated by the Prophet Muhammad.
The total number of Southeast Asians fighting alongside Islamic State is estimated by governments and police to be a few hundred.
The violence and brutality committed by terrorist groups in Iraq and Syria poses a threat to the Middle East and, if left unchecked, the world, the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations said in a statement on September 27.
Malaysians and Indonesians fighting for the IS have also reportedly banded together over their common language and are said to be planning to expand their numbers to form a “katibah”, a military unit of 100 men roughly equivalent to a company.
Malaysia has designated IS a terrorist group.
The organisation was formerly known as the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant or the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
On August 11 this year, Hong Kong daily South China Morning Post reported that Malaysian police have revealed local jihadists who joined IS are now training their sights on Putrajaya.
A senior Malaysian police official was reported as saying that suspected jihadists had planned attacks on entertainment venues in Kuala Lumpur and a Carlsberg factory in Petaling Jaya.
http://www.themalaymailonline.com/malaysia/article/as-more-malaysians-join-jihad-in-syria-dr-m-fears-islamic-state-coming-home#sthash.QbVlcEVa.dpuf


Ashin Wirathu Thera of Myanmar to work with BBS
Stressing that a world without extremism was the essence of Buddhism, the founder leader of the 969 organisation of Myanmar, the Venerable Ashin Wirathu Thera said yesterday that his organisation would work with the Bodu Bala Sena (BBS) to achieve this goal.
Speaking during the BBS convention in Colombo, the venerable thera said some extremists were using technology, the media and power to spread their errors across the world. He therefore sent a wakeup call to all peace loving people and stressed that they should be on alert to face these threats.
The venerable thera said the BBS was playing in an important role in this regard in Sri Lanka.
“May the world usher in peace together with Buddhism,” the thera said, stressing the need to overcome the extremists who were trying to destroy Buddhism and all peace loving people.
The venerable thera thanked President Mahinda Rajapaksa for mediating in order to grant him visa to visit Sri Lanka when some forces were trying to stop him by spreading false stories.
BBS secretary, the Venerable Galabodaatte Gnanasara Thera, in his speech, urged the leaders of all the major political parties to come together to resolve the issues faced by the country. “It is high time you stop creating divisions among your own people and come together for the sake of the country,” he said.
He urged moderate Muslims to join in the process of bringing about peace in the country. “We know that there are peaceful Muslims in this country who denounce extremism and we urge all of them to join us in ushering in peace to this nation,” he said.
The thera further said that they would be compelled to introduce a new patriotic leader if the present rulers of this country failed in their duty to defeat extremism.


BEIRUT (AP) - U.S.-led coalition warplanes bombed Islamic State group positions overnight across four provinces in northern and eastern Syria, hitting a grain silo as well as the country's largest gas plant, activists said Monday.
Washington and its Arab allies opened their air assault against the extremist group last week, going after its military facilities, training camps, heavy weapons and oil installations. The campaign expands upon the airstrikes the United States has been conducting against the militants in Iraq since early August.
The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said coalition forces hit Islamic State group facilities overnight in Aleppo, Raqqa, Hassakeh and Deir el-Zour provinces. It said there were casualties, but that it did not have concrete figures.
Among the facilities hit was the entrance to Syria's largest gas plant, Conoco in Deir el-Zour province, and grain silo in the extremist-held town of Manbij in Aleppo province. It said the gas facility itself was not damaged.
Another activist group, the Aleppo Media Center, also reported the strike on the grain silo in Manbij, northeast of Aleppo city. It said the attack ignited a fire at the facility.
There was no immediate confirmation from the U.S. or its allies on the reported air raids.
More strikes Monday morning hit the town of Tel Abyad on the Syria-Turkey border, according to a resident on the Turkish side on the frontier.
Mehmet Ozer told The Associated Press by telephone that the raids hit an abandoned military base and an empty school, sending pillars of smoke and dust into the air. He said Islamic State fighters cleared out of the military about three or four months ago.

http://www.aol.com/article/2014/09/29/us-led-airstrikes-hit-4-syrian-provinces/20968969/ 

Press Release : Opening Ceremony of first Arakan National Party Conference Held
25.10.2014 (Thursday),
Thandwe

The first Conference of Arakan National Party (ANP) was held at Dhamma Hall at the Victory Compound, Lay Myet Hna Pagoda, Thandwe (Dwayawaddy), Rakhine State at 9:00am, September 25, 2014. ANP first leader U Aye Tha Aung, deputy leader Dr. Aye Maung, ANP temporary CEC Members, Central Committee Members, representatives from respective townships across the Arakan State, representatives from Ayeyarwaddy Region and Yangon Region, other invited guests and local leaders attended the Conference.
The Ceremony was opened by the representatives chanting Shin Nageinda’s historic poem in unison and by playing Arakan Royal (Mingalar) Drums. Afterwards, attendees saluted Myanmar National Flag, Arakan State Flag and Arakan National Party Flag and kept one minute silent in the honor of Arakanese heroes who sacrificed their lives in the struggles of freedom, and activists including monks, students and civilian heroes who lost their lives in the democratic struggles in Myanmar. 

 
Then, experienced politician U Wai Sein Aung, the lead patron from Sittwe, gave a speech in which he highlighted the fact that the elderly and the youths need to work cooperatively, that the adults have political experiences but the youths are active and leaders of the future. He also emphasized that in Arakanese national and political arena, adults and youths are to establish a qualified, extensive and loyal political force via building capacity among party members.


After that, in his speech, U Aye Tha Aung, the first party leader, highlighted the fact that Rakhine State has been facing massive illegal immigration and severe poverty and thus needs the unity of all Rakhine people to face the challenges, and that unity has always been so crucial that Rakhine people have to try to achieve. He also added that the women who make up half of the Rakhine population play a very important role in Rakhine politics and it is essential that women take the leadership role in the political party and are elected into important positions. 

 
U Aye Tha Aung added that the emergence of genuine federalism, nationwide ceasefire, lasting peace and right to self-determination are currently vitally important for the Union of Myanmar and that we have to remember that ethnic people suffered from different kinds of repressions and difficulties resulted during the military regime. He emphasized that without the amendment to the 2008 constitution, the self-determination needed and demanded by the ethnic nationalities. He explained that decentralization does not allow the genuine powers of the states because the central government can always centralize the powers delegated to the states. Therefore, only through genuine federalism, the division of powers between the state and central governments will genuine and lasting because the division of powers is bestowed in the constitution. Therefore, U Aye Tha Aung explained, only by amending the 2008 constitution will Rakhine and other states enjoy self-determination and constitutional division of powers and equality. He urged all the party representatives to march in unity for the cause of Rakhine national affairs. 

 
In addition, Dr.Aye Maung, deputy leader of the Party delivered a speech. He emphasized that to achieve self-determination in Arakan State, it is voluminously important that we have tactics and strategies. He also urged that ANP parliamentarians should work together to implement the Arakan National Party’s objectives with other Arakanese individual representatives at the Parliament (Hluttaw), that representatives work together to formulate genuine Federal Political Framework and develop concrete party policies through analysis of the current political context and taking into consideration the future political context. 
After that the opening ceremony ended with the documentary photo shooting of the party leaders and representatives. 

 
The conference is the first and historic one as the Arakan League for Democracy (ALD) and Rakhine Nationalities Development Party (RNDP) merged into one party, Arakan National Party (ANP). 

 
In the five-day conference, the representatives will discuss and approve matters including party policies, candidate selection policies and party structure. 

 
Arakan League for Democracy won the third largest votes in the 1990 elections only after NLD and SNLD and Rakhine Nationalities Development Party won most of the seats in the Rakhine State constituencies. Due to the national and political situations, the two parties unified into one to fulfill the will of the Rakhine people. This integration is a very significant progress in the political history of Rakhine State and accordingly, Rakhine people have great expectations about Arakan National Party in 2015 elections. 

 
News and Information Team


 

UAE confirms first  female fighter pilot Mariam Al Mansouri  is leading air strikes against ISIL
Yousef Al Otaiba, the UAE’s ambassador to the United States, confirmed on Thursday that the country’s first female fighter pilot was involved in recent action against ISIL.
He discussed the UAE’s commitment in combating ISIL and fighting extremism on the live-broadcast American television show Morning Joe, a weekday morning talk show on MSNBC.
Mr Al Otaiba also confirmed that Major Mariam Al Mansouri, 35, an F-16 pilot, will lead the air strike missions on ISIL.
“I can officially confirm that the UAE strike mission on Monday night was led by female fighter pilot Mariam Al Mansouri,” he said.
“She is a fully qualified, highly trained, combat-ready pilot and she is on a mission.”
The UAE, along with Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Qatar, Bahrain and the United States have allied to launch a series of air strikes against members of ISIL in Syria to combat extremists.
During the show, Mr Al Otaiba said: “We will bring whatever it takes to defeat ISIS [ISIL] and other forms of extremism.”
Mr Al Otaiba said it was important for Arab and Muslim states to stand against ISIL and to see them as the threat they were.
“I think it’s important for us moderate Arabs, moderate Muslims, to step up and say, ‘this is a threat against us’,” he said. “This is more of a threat to us than it is to ISIL. This is a threat to our country, a threat to our way of life.”
Maj Al Mansouri has an undergraduate degree in English literature and is the first woman to join the Khalifa bin Zayed Air College, graduating in 2008.
Her participation in the raid stirred a debate on social media, with supporters posting her picture on Twitter and commending her service.
http://www.thenational.ae/uae/government/uaes-female-fighter-pilot-leads-airstrikes-against-isil

Open padlock More than 500 million computers could be affected, early estimates suggest

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A "deadly serious" bug potentially affecting hundreds of millions of computers, servers and devices has been discovered.
The flaw has been found in a software component known as Bash, which is a part of many Linux systems as well as Apple's Mac operating system.
The bug, dubbed Shellshock, can be used to remotely take control of almost any system using Bash, researchers said.
Experts said it was more serious than the Heartbleed bug discovered in April.
"Whereas something like Heartbleed was all about sniffing what was going on, this was about giving you direct access to the system," Prof Alan Woodward, a security researcher from the University of Surrey, told the BBC.
"The door's wide open."
Some 500,000 machines worldwide were thought to have been vulnerable to Heartbleed. But early estimates, which experts said were conservative, suggest that Shellshock could hit at least 500 million machines.
The problem is particularly serious given that many web servers are run using the Apache system, software which includes the Bash component.
Patch immediately Bash - which stands for Bourne-Again SHell - is a command prompt on many Unix computers. Unix is an operating system on which many others are built, such as Linux and Mac OS.
The US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (US-Cert) issued a warning about the bug, urging system administrators to apply patches.
However, other security researchers warned that the patches were "incomplete" and would not fully secure systems.
Of particular concern to security experts is the simplicity of carrying out attacks that make use of the bug.
Cybersecurity specialists Rapid7 rated the Bash bug as 10 out of 10 for severity, but "low" on complexity - a relatively easy vulnerability for hackers to capitalise on.
"Using this vulnerability, attackers can potentially take over the operating system, access confidential information, make changes, et cetera," said Tod Beardsley, a Rapid7 engineer.
"Anybody with systems using Bash needs to deploy the patch immediately."
For general home users, Prof Woodward suggested simply keeping an eye on manufacturer websites for updates - particularly for hardware such as broadband routers.

 http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-29361794

A US Navy F-18E Super Hornet receives fuel from a KC-135 Stratotanker over north Iraq, 23 September A US Navy F-18E Super Hornet receiving fuel from a KC-135 Stratotanker over north Iraq this week
The US-led coalition against Islamic State (IS) has targeted 12 oil refineries in Syria on a third night of air strikes against the militants.
Raids carried out by US, Saudi and UAE aircraft killed 14 of the group's fighters and five civilians in eastern Syria, activists said.
According to the Pentagon, the refineries generated up to $2m (£1.2m) per day in revenue for the militants.
In northern Syria, Kurdish forces say they have pushed back an IS advance.
US President Barack Obama has vowed to dismantle the IS "network of death".
line
BBC map
Islamic State (IS) oil production
  • IS is believed to control six out of 10 of Syria's oil fields, including the Omar facility, and four small fields in Iraq, including Ajeel and Hamreen
  • Production in Syria is estimated at 50,000 barrels per day and 30,000 in Iraq, generating revenue of between $1m (£600,000) and $5m per day
  • Oil is sold to local merchants, or to middlemen who smuggle it into Iraqi Kurdistan or over borders with Turkey, Iran and Jordan, and then sell to traders in a grey market. Oil is also sold to the Syrian government
  • Seizures of smuggled fuel in Turkey rose from 35,260 tons in 2011 to more than 50,000 tons in the first six months of 2014, before the Turkish authorities began to crack down on illegal trade
Sources: Financial Times, EIA, Iraq Energy Institute, Maplecroft
line
IS has seized large areas of Syria and Iraq in recent months and controls several oilfields. Sales of smuggled crude oil have helped finance its offensive in both countries.
The US has launched nearly 200 air strikes against the militants in Iraq since August and expanded the operation against IS to Syria on Monday.
In other developments
  • Syria's army said it had retaken the key strategic town of Adra, north-east of Damascus, which had been held by militants from the Nusra Front among others
  • France launched air strikes on IS targets in northern Iraq - its first there in nearly a week
  • IS publicly killed a human rights lawyer, Samira Salih al-Nuaimi, in the Iraqi city of Mosul after convicting her of apostasy, the UN announced
'Successful strikes' The US military said the latest strikes, using fighter jets and drones, had hit "small-scale" refineries that were producing "between 300-500 barrels of refined petroleum per day".
US Rear Admiral John Kirby: Strikes aimed at stopping IS making money
"We are still assessing the outcome of the attack on the refineries, but have initial indications that the strikes were successful," the US Central Command said in a statement.
Pentagon spokesman Rear Adm John Kirby said the purpose of the strikes was "not necessarily to kill militants" but to destroy the facilities, which were funding IS through the black market.
The UK-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, an activist group that monitors the Syrian conflict, said the strikes killed 14 IS fighters in Deir al-Zour and five civilians in Hassakeh.
Kurdish forces said they had pushed back IS fighters near the Syrian town of Kobane, close to the border with Turkey.
There are reports of heavy gunfire outside the town, and Kurdish commanders have again called for coalition air strikes on IS positions in the area.
Mark Lowen, on Turkey-Syria border: "[Syrian refugees] don't want to be here"
IS had besieged Kobane for several days, taking control of the surrounding villages and forcing more than 140,000 Syrian Kurds to flee into Turkey.
The BBC's Mark Lowen, who is on the Syria-Turkey border, says some of those Kurds are now trying to return to Kobane to fight with the Kurdish militia.
Turkey has been overwhelmed by an estimated 1.5 million Syrian and Iraqi refugees since the conflict in Syria between opposition forces and Syrian President Bashar al-Assad began three years ago.
Rebel forces have faced several setbacks in recent months amid offensives against them by both IS fighters and Syrian government forces.
Residents collect goods in Tel Abyad, a Syrian town close to the Turkish border, as an Islamic State flag flutters from a post, 24 September Residents collect goods in Tel Abyad, a Syrian town close to the Turkish border, as an Islamic State flag flutters from a post
Syrian refugees wait at the Syrian-Turkish border near Sanliurfa, 25 September Syrian refugees wait at the Syrian-Turkish border near Sanliurfa
A Syrian refugee family load their belongings on to a lorry near the Syrian-Turkish border in Sanliurfa, 25 September A Syrian refugee family load their belongings on to a lorry near the Syrian-Turkish border in Sanliurfa
On Wednesday, the UN Security Council adopted a binding resolution compelling states to prevent their nationals joining jihadists in Iraq and Syria.
President Obama chaired the session and said nations must prevent the recruitment and financing of foreign fighters.
The US says more than 40 countries have offered to join the anti-IS coalition.
Barack Obama: IS "must be degraded and then ultimately destroyed"
Coalition growing On Wednesday, UK Prime Minister David Cameron said the British military was also ready to "play its part" in the fight against IS.
The UK Parliament has been recalled to discuss plans for air strikes against IS on Friday.
The Dutch government has also said it is deploying six F-16 fighter to join the US-led air campaign.
Map showing areas hit by US-led air strikes against Islamic State militants in Syria - 25 September 2014
line
Who are Islamic State (IS)?
  • Formed out of al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI) in 2013, IS first captured Raqqa in eastern Syria
  • It captured broad swathes of Iraq in June, including Mosul, and declared a "caliphate" in areas it controls in Syria and Iraq
  • Pursuing an extreme form of Sunni Islam, IS has persecuted non-Muslims such as Yazidis and Christians, as well as Shia Muslims, whom it regards as heretics
  • Known for its brutal tactics, including beheadings of soldiers, Western journalists and aid workers
  • The CIA says the group could have as many as 31,000 fighters in Iraq and Syria
  • The US has been launching air strikes on IS targets in north-eastern Iraq since mid-August 
 http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-29357934

WASHINGTON (AP) - Envisioned in the 90s as crucial to U.S. military superiority in the next century - the sleek, radar-evading F-22 Raptor has finally seen its first combat.
Never used in Afghanistan or Iraq, the Air Force's newest fighter jet made its combat debut this week, taking part in the second wave of airstrikes over Syria, according to the Pentagon.

Here are five things to know about the F-22:

1. Its first combat mission involved dropping bombs on an Islamic State group command-and-control building in Raqqah. During a Pentagon briefing Tuesday, Lt. Gen. William Mayville showed before and after slides of the airstrike targets. The after-shot for the F-22 showed a successful mission, with the command-and-control center destroyed.

2. It was developed by Lockheed Martin, with major subcontractors such as Boeing, as a 21st century fighter jet to replace various models of the aging F-15. With its stealth design, the single-seat F-22 was built to evade radar and has twin engines that allow it to fly at faster-than-sound speeds without gas-guzzling afterburners. Production of the first F-22 Raptor started in 1999 and was delivered to Air Force in 2002. The last one was delivered in 2012.

3. The F-22 comes with a hefty price tag. Each costs an average of $190 million. More than 190 F-22 fighter jets were manufactured for the U.S. military, including eight test aircraft.

4. The Raptor program was beset by design and costs overruns. When the F-22 was unveiled in 1997, critics were complaining about the costly program. At the time, the Air Force sought an order of 438 F-22 fighter jets, at a cost of about $45 billion. That order was scaled back sharply. In 2010, Defense Secretary Robert Gates told Congress he was willing to cut the F-22 fighter jet program as too expensive. Production was later capped.

5. Safety concerns were the issue in 2011 when the nation's F-22s were grounded for four months after pilots complained about getting dizzy and a lack of oxygen in the cockpit. Internal documents obtained by The Associated Press show U.S. military experts had raised concerns about the flow of oxygen into the pilot's masks years earlier. The Air Force blamed a faulty valve in the pilots' vests, said there was a fix and gradually returned to the aircraft to flight.

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